What is android, You might not need to ask. Android Phone is available at home in India today. Android has become a very important mobile platform in the whole world by improving itself in a very short time. By the way What is android And we will know about its benefits, but there are many people who are completely new in the world of Android and who do not have any information about it. In such a situation, this article will be very beneficial evidence for those people, along with those who have a lot of knowledge, they will also get to learn something new.
By the way, if I tell the truth, many of us use Smartphones but they do not know whether their Mobile Phone is Android or Windows or iOS. There is nothing wrong in this because everybody works in different fields, so if I ask a teacher to cut wood, then he may not be able to do it, in the same way, to teach a woodcutter, he cannot do it. . In the same way, not all people have such information about Mobiles or Computers, that is why we always want the team of Hindime to provide information related to those needy computers, mobile or Internet and we will cooperate with you in this purpose. Have been successful to some extent.
Keeping the same objective in view, today your people What is Android Operating System I am going to give full information about that so that the next time someone asks you any information related to Android Phones or Android, then you too will be able to answer it. Because I believe that if you do not know any information, then there is nothing wrong in it, but if you do not want to know anything new then there is a lot of wrong in it.
- 1 What is Android – What is Android in Hindi
- 2 Android Versions and their features
- 2.1 Android Beta
- 2.2 Android 1.0
- 2.3 Android 1.1
- 2.4 Android 1.5 Cupcake
- 2.5 Android 1.6 Donut
- 2.6 Android 2.0 / 2.1 Eclair
- 2.7 Android 2.2.x Froyo
- 2.8 Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
- 2.9 Android 3.x Honeycomb
- 2.10 Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
- 2.11 Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
- 2.12 Android 4.4 “KitKat”
- 2.13 Android 5.0 L
- 2.14 Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- 2.15 Android 7.0 Nougat
- 2.16 Android 8.0 OREO
- 2.17 Android 9.0 Pie
- 2.18 Android 10
- 2.19 क्या Android updates के पैसे पड़ते हैं?
- 2.20 क्या Android’s Biggest Competitors Apple और Windows Phone है
- 2.21 ये “Open Source” Model ही Android को Unique बनाता है
What is Android – What is Android in Hindi
Android is not a phone nor an application, it is an operating system based on linux kernel.. If I say it in easy language, Linux is an operating system that is mainly used in server and desktop computer. So Android is just a version of Linux that has been created after a lot of modification. Yes but it is related.
Android is an operating system that was designed keeping the mobile in view. So that all the functions and applications of the phone can be run easily in it. Whatever you see in the phone’s display are all part of the operating system. Whenever you get a call, text message or email, your OS processes it and presents it to you in readable format.
Android OS has been divided into many versions and according to their features, operation, stability, which have been given different numbers. So if you have ever heard a name like Android Lollipop, Marshmallow or Nougat then let me tell you that these are all different version names of Android OS or Operating System.
Android Inc. History of
Android Inc. The original creators of Andy Rubin, which Google bought in 2005, and after that they were made the core of Android Development. Google bought Android because they felt that Android is a very new and interesting concept, with the help of which they can create powerful but free operating system and which later proved to be true. With the help of Android, Google got a good reach of younger audience and with this, very good Android employees also joined Google.
On March 2013, Andy Rubin decided to leave the company and decided to work in his second project. But even after this, there was no ups and downs in Android, and Andy Rubin’s vacancy was filled by Sundar Pichai. Pichai, who hails from India, used to be the head of Chrome OS before and his expertise and experience was well used by Google in this new project.
Android is a great mobile operating system
Android is such a great mobile operating system that has been made by Google, if seen, the software made by Google is used in almost all mobile phones in the world today. Except Apple’s iPhones only. Android is a Linux-based software system. Like Linux is an open source software and with it it is also absolutely free. This means that other mobile companies can also use Android Operating Systems. The distinguishing factor in this is that this brand’s kernel. Hosts Android’s Central Core which is essentially a strip code and helps the software to operate.
Versions of Android
Below I have mentioned about the different version of Android Operating System. These are the versions that Android has released so far. And perhaps we have used many for the last few years and are still doing so.
- Android 1.0 Alpha
- Android 1.1 Beta
- Android 1.5 Cupcake
- Android 1.6 Donut
- Android 2.1 Eclair
- Android 2.3 Froyo
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread
- Android 3.2 Honeycomb
- Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
- Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.4 KitKat
- Android 5.0 Lollipop
- Android 5.1 Lollipop
- Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- Android 7.0 Nougat
- Android 7.1 Nougat
- Android 8.0 Oreo
- Android 8.1 Oreo
- Android 9.0 Pie
- Android 10
Android OS Evolution – Travel from Android Beta to Pie
I think all of you must be using Android Phones, or even using Tablets which use Android Operating System. Let me tell you that Android was developed by Google and Open Handset Alliance. After that Android has been releasing its brand new versions since November 2007. One interesting thing is that Android Versions is given a special code name and is released in alphabetic order. This work is being done since April 2009. It has different names like Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice cream sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie. Seeing the name, you must have come to know that it is named after desserts from all over the world.
Android Versions and their features
Now I am going to tell you about different versions of Android Operating System so that you will know what changes Android has brought in different versions.
It was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.
This was the first commercial version released on September 23, 2008. It had many features such as Android Market application, Web browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML web pages, cameras support, access to web email servers; Gmail; Google contacts; Google Calendar; Google maps; Google Sync; Google Search; Google Talk; YouTube; Wi-Fi etc.
This version is also known as “Petit Four” and was released in February 9, 2009. The longer in-call screen timeout feature was by default when you use the speakerphone. Along with this, there was also a facility to save attachments of messages.
Android 1.5 Cupcake
This Android 1.5 version was released on April 30, 2009, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first version that was named after a dessert. This updated version had many features such as support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard, video recording and playback, animated screen transitions etc. and with it you could upload videos to YouTube and photos to Picasa.
Android 1.6 Donut
It was released on September 15, 2009, and was based on Linux Kernel 2.6.29. This version had many such features as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, camcorder etc. With this, it also supported WVGA screen resolutions.
Android 2.0 / 2.1 Eclair
Eclair was released on October 26, 2009, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. This change also had many features like expanded account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support. With this, by tapping the contacts photo in it, you could also call, SMS or email someone, with it, there was also the facility of search all saved SMS and MMS. Along with this, other features like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved google maps 3.1.2 were also available.
Android 2.2.x Froyo
Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. It had many features like extra-large screen sizes, faster text input in the virtual keyboard, enhanced copy paste functionality, support for Near Field Communication, New Download Manager. etc. With this, Gingerbread supported many more things like multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.
Android 3.x Honeycomb
This version Android 3.0 was released on February 22, 2011. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It had a new virtual and “holographic” user interface with which added system bar, action bar and redesigned keyboard were also attached. Along with this, other features like multitasking, allows multiple browser tabs, provides quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk were also available.
Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
The Ice Cream Sandwich version was publicly released on October 19, 2011,. Its source code was made available on November 14, 2011. With the help of this version, folders could be easily created, many features were available such as separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screenshot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock, with customizable launcher, improved copy and paste functionality. , built-in photo editor, improved camera app with zero shutter lag. Android 4.0 consist of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support WebP image format.
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) in June 27, 2012, and was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. The main objective of this version was how to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface. This version has many features such as bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, along with Google Wallet, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining etc.
In its second version, which was 4.2 it had many new features such as new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, multiple user profiles, Photospheres, Daydream ScreenSavers etc.
Android 4.4 “KitKat”
Google released Android 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, along with the Nexus 5 Smartphone. This is the first time in the history of Google that Google has partnered with another brand for Android mascot. Yes friends Google did a huge marketing campaign with Nestle to promote KitKat.
The main objective of the company was to make this new OS even more efficient, faster and less resource intensive. This OS could also run in low-end hardware and old hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models. This also gave them more encouragement. It also had some very special features about which I have mentioned below.
- Google Now in the home screen
- New dialer
- Full-screen apps
- Unified Hangouts app
- Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
- Productivity enhancements
- HDR +
Android 5.0 L
When Android L was about to be released, there was a lot of whisper among the people about its name, someone was giving it Licorice, some Lemonhead and some was giving it the name of Lollipop. And when it was released on October 15, 2014, it was renamed Android Lollipop. Many such features were adopted in it which were not mehjud before.
- Improved Material Design, excellent color interfaces, playful transitions and more.
- Multitasking was redefined so that it could work even better
- Some changes have been made in the notification so that you can view all notifications simultaneously in HomeScreen and can also cancel it.
- Best Battery Life
- This mobile Os has not only been limited to the phone itself, but now Android Wear has also been promoted so that you could use it in your hands only.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
This version of Android was released on October 5, 2015. It was very similar in appearance to the previous Os. But some important changes were brought in it which made it somewhat different. I have mentioned below about some such features so that you can get more information about it.
- With the help of Google Now on Tap, you can do other work without closing any app. In this, you just have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will be overlay with your current app.
- There was a slight improvement in Cut & Paste. So that the user has ease of use.
- From Voice Search directly Lock Screen, earlier only camera and emergency call could be done but now voice search can be done easily with it.
- Great Security
- Changes in App Permission, in which earlier users had no rights over it, means that users could not change it but now it can be changed for which you must first go to Settings> Apps> [tap a particular app] > Permissions Here you can turn any features on and off.
- Google Setting in one place
- For Smart Lock Passwords
- Better Power Saving Options for which you have to follow this path Settings> Battery> Battery optimization (available via the menu in the top-right corner)
- New UI tuner setting
- With this, you can also easily edit the Quick Setting Menu.
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android Nougat was released with Google’s Pixel (Pixel XL) phones on October 4, 2016. It had a lot of exciting features that were not useful in earlier Android Versions.
- Night Light through which you can easily fall even at night without any trouble
- Fingerprint swipe down gesture, for this you just have to swipe your finger across the screen
- Daydream VR Mode
- App Shortcuts
- Circular app icons support
With this, some special features were also made available for Google’s Pixel users. for example
- Pixel Launcher
- Google Assistant
Unlimited original quality photo / video backup to Google Photos.
- Pixel Camera app
- Smart Storage: As soon as storage is over, storage deletes the old backup so that a new store can be created.
- Phone / Chat support
- Quick Switch adapter for wired setup from Android or iPhone.
- Dynamic calendar date icon.
Android 8.0 OREO
This was a much better Android Os update that has been replaced by the new update, if I say more about it then this Android 8.0 Oreo was released on August 18, 2017. Currently, you can use it on a few devices such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C. and other SmartPhones will be available by the end of 2017. Now let’s know what new features are there in this Android update.
- Enhanced Battery Life
- Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and if you have to send an email then you can easily do this work.
- Smart Text Selection
- Notification Dots In which if some new notification comes in any apps, then it will be seen on it.
- Better Google Assistant
- New Autofill feature
- Wi-Fi Awareness In this, your mobile will automatically start itself by coming into a wifi zone.
- more Safe And Secure
Android 9.0 Pie
The most recent Android Os update is now. This Android 9.0 Pie Os has been officially released on August 6, 2018. It has been named Android Pie, and has many new and exciting features that make it special. If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will get all the updates of Android Pie very comfortably but only digital detox elements Excluding.
Other Android smartphones such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential will get these updates within a few months. Google itself has stated that all these devices are only part of their Beta program.
Now let’s know what new features are there in this Android update.
- Adaptive Battery: Adaptive Battery has been used in it, which uses machine learning to make apps functional properly. Apart from this, apps are used in an energy-efficient manner so that they are turned ON only if the user does not use them, then they remain in inactive condition.
- Adaptive Brightness: It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and makes those adjustments in the background only for you.
- App Actions: This is a very new feature in which Os can predict what action you are going to take next on top of the user’s app use. This app can be about predictions.
- Android Dashboard: It has been specially designed to understand the habits of the user, which can provide meaningful engagement to you. It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used. With this, it gives you control of how and when you are spending your time.
- App timer: This feature gives you control over how long you want to use your apps, at the end of time, it gives you noticfication. This is going to be very important for those who want to use their time properly.
- Slush Gesture: इस feature से आप अपने phone को turn कर उसे automatically Do Not Disturb mode में ला सकते हैं.
- Wind Down Mode: इस feature में आपको बस Google Assistant को अपने सोने के समय के बारे में बताना है और जब वो समय निकट होता है तब ये अपने आप Do Not Disturb turn on कर देता है और आपके screen के greyscale mode को चालू कर देता है.
Android 10, Google की latest Mobile Os है जो की फिलहाल अभी तक release नहीं की गयी है. Android P के बाद इसमें बहुत से नए features add किये गए हैं और साथ में users की safety और security को ध्यान में रखते हुए इसमें नए safety features भी install किये गए हैं.
अब चलिए Android Q के कुछ खास features के विषय में भी जानते हैं.
बेहतर Permissions Controls
बाकि Android Version की तुलना में हमें इसमें काफी बेहतर permission control देखने को मिलेंगे जिससे की user को अपने phone के ऊपर ज्यादा control प्राप्त होगा.
Foldable phones को support प्रदान करने वाला है
सुनने में आया है की Samsung और दुसरे compaines जल्द ही foldable phones launch करने वाले हैं और ऐसे में उन्हें नए OS की जरुरत होगी. इसलिए इसे पहले से ही foldable phones के अनुरूप बनाया गया है.
Faster sharing का होना
इसमें पहले Os version के मुकाबले ज्यादा faster sharing की जा सकती है. जो की आगे चलकर users के बहुत काम आने वाला है.
Built-in screen recording
इसमें built-in screen recording की सुविधा प्रदान करी गयी है जिससे आसानी से screen record किया जा सकता है.
In-app settings panel
इसमें In-app settings panel में ऐसे बहुत से settings प्रदान किये गया हैं जो की user की usability को बढ़ा सकती है.
System-wide dark mode का होना
यह एक बहुत ही प्रतीक्षित update थी जो की बहुत सी android users की इच्छा थी. इसलिए उन्होंने नए update में system wide ही dark mode प्रदान किया है.
Photos के लिए Depth formats
Photos में भी उन्होंने इस बेहतर बनाने के लिए depth formats का इस्तमाल किया हुआ है जिससे की photos के resolution में काफी सुधार आ सके.
ये अब HDR10+ को भी support करने लगा है.
नयी theming options
इसमें बहुत सी नयी theming option प्रदान किये गए हैं जिससे की अब users आसानी से अपने मनचाही theme का चुनाव कर सकें.
बेहतर privacy protections Android में
जैसे की Android ने पहले से ही वादा किया था की वो नए OS की privacy protection को और भी मजबूत करेंगे और उन्होंने ऐसा ही किया है इस नए OS के साथ.
क्या Android updates के पैसे पड़ते हैं?
Android Updates को download और install करना एकदम free है. Updates करने से आपके mobile phone में आप बहुत सारे नए features पा सकते हैं. और इसके साथ प्रत्येक updates के साथ आपके Android Phones के Speed और Performance में बढ़ोतरी होती है.
Mostly नए और High-end Android Phones में आप सबसे पहले Android के नए updates पा सकते हैं. हाँ ये मान के चलिए की सभी Android Phones में कम से कम एक Update तो आपको जरुर मिलेगा और हो सकता है की किसी किसी phone में आप दो बार भी updates पा सकते हैं.
क्या Android’s Biggest Competitors Apple और Windows Phone है
Apple भले ही Android का सबसे बड़ा प्रतिद्वंदी हो लेकिन इसके साथ Windows Phone भी अब इसी race में शामिल हो गया है. धीरे धीरे ही सही लेकिन Windows Phone भी अपना पैर पसार रहा है और खुद को एक reputable mobile ecosystem के हिसाब से develop कर रहा है. माना की अब भी market में लोगों की पहली पसंद Apple और Android phones हैं फिर भी Windows Phone ने Nokia Mobiles में अच्छे camera देकर लोगों में उत्सुकता बढ़ानी चाही.
Apple ने दोनों SmartPhone और Tablet industries को एक साथ start किआ जब उन्होंने iPhone को 2007 में और iPad को 2010 में release किया. इन दोनों ने market में अच्छा ही नहीं बल्कि लोगों द्वारा भी बहुत सहारा गया. उसी प्रकार Android ने भी अपना अच्छा खासा कब्ज़ा पूरी दुनिया में जमाया हुआ है. अगर हम popularity की बात करें तो अब भी Apple Android की तुलना में ज्यादा अच्छा perform कर रहा है. उसी प्रकार अगर उनको ज्यादा popular से कम की क्रमांक में रखा जाये तो सबसे पहला नंबर Apple का दूसरा Android का और तीसरे स्थान में Windows को रखा जा सकता है.
ये “Open Source” Model ही Android को Unique बनाता है
Android SmartPhones और Tablets का सबसे बड़ा competition में आता है Apple iPhone और iPad. इन दोनों के Operating Systems में जो सबसे बड़ा अंतर है वो ये है की Android की Os Open Source और Free है वहीँ Apple’s iOS पूरी तरह से closed है मतलब उसमें कुछ भी छेड़ छाड़ नहीं किया जा सकता. उदाहण के तोर में iOS में हम default browser को Safari से Google Chrome भी बदल नहीं सकते.
Apple में आपको ये default apps में बहुत restrictions होती हैं जिससे की इन्हें इस्तमाल करने में बड़ी दिक्कत आती है और आप इसमें कुछ नया try भी नहीं कर सकते. वहीँ Android में Open Source होने से आप इसमें आपकी मनचाही Apps को इस्तमाल कर सकते हैं. इन दोनों की इस्तमाल की लढाई तो बहुत ही पुरानी है, यहाँ एक बात में आप लोगों को बताना चाहता हूँ की ये सब Personal Preference को बात है. बाकि सब आपके ऊपर है की आपको किस प्रकार की SmartPhone चाहिए इस्तमाल करने के लिए.
Android का भविष्य
वैसे जिस प्रकार से Android अपना नया नया Products launch कर रहा है और नयी से नयी technology को अपना रहा है उस हिसाब से तो Android का भविष्य बहुत ही उज्जवल दिखाई दे रहा है. हाल ही में ही Google ने Smart Watch, Google Glass, Google Cars जैसे की अजीबोगरीब gadgets से अपने भविष्य के बारे में पूर्वानुमान बता ही दिया है. हम आशा करते है की Google अपने इस ऐतिहासिक कदम में और भी ज्यादा सफल हो. और आम लोगों के मदद के लिए और भी बेहतरीन चीजों की रचना करे.
मुझे पूर्ण आशा है की मैंने आप लोगों को Android क्या है (What is Android in Hindi) के बारे में पूरी जानकारी दी और में आशा करता हूँ आप लोगों को Android के बारे में समझ आ गया होगा. मेरा आप सभी पाठकों से गुजारिस है की आप लोग भी इस जानकारी को अपने आस-पड़ोस, रिश्तेदारों, अपने मित्रों में Share करें, जिससे की हमारे बिच जागरूकता होगी और इससे सबको बहुत लाभ होगा. मुझे आप लोगों की सहयोग की आवश्यकता है जिससे मैं और भी नयी जानकारी आप लोगों तक पहुंचा सकूँ.
मेरा हमेशा से यही कोशिश रहा है की मैं हमेशा अपने readers या पाठकों का हर तरफ से हेल्प करूँ, यदि आप लोगों को किसी भी तरह की कोई भी doubt है तो आप मुझे बेझिजक पूछ सकते हैं. मैं जरुर उन Doubts का हल निकलने की कोशिश करूँगा. आपको यह लेख Android क्या होता है कैसा लगा हमें comment लिखकर जरूर बताएं ताकि हमें भी आपके विचारों से कुछ सीखने और कुछ सुधारने का मोका मिले.
“ मेरा देश बदल रहा है आगे बढ़ रहा है ”
आइये आप भी इस मुहीम में हमारा साथ दें और देश को बदलने में अपना योगदान दें.